What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a stoppage in breathing at night, which lasts anywhere between 10 seconds up to 1 minute. This cessation in breathing causes fragmented sleep and can occur a couple times an hour to over a hundred in some cases.
This obstruction is caused mainly by a loss of muscle control in the soft pallet, causing an obstruction in the trachea and a decrease in the level of oxygen in the blood. The low oxygen will trigger a transition into a lighter sleep and often have the sleeper wake up in a sudden gasp for air, or a choking feeling. Although being overweight plays a large factor in Sleep Apnea, it is not the only cause. It can also be the structural make up of your soft pallet, meaning your tonsils or adenoids are too large for your airway.
There are many side effects of OSA that patients should know about when considering treatment. The following are risks associated with untreated OSA;
Increased risk for; high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and obesity
Increased risk for arrhythmias, and heart failure
Increased risk for motor vehicle and work related accidents
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is easily treated for with a CPAP machine (continuous positive airway pressure). CPAP therapy is the gold standard for treatment of OSA, as it is the most effective option available.
Gentle air pressure from the machine is pushed into a mask on the patients face, this occurs in order to keep the airway clear from any obstruction. The pressure is able to fluctuate in order to deal with the different severities of each occurring obstruction. With continued use of therapy, patients will feel pre-treatment symptoms begin to dissolve over time.
Continued follow ups with your provider is strongly recommended to maintain effective and comfortable treatment.
Lakeland Respiratory provides remote monitoring as an option on CPAP machines. A small modem is attached to the CPAP and information can be easily transferred at the touch of a button. This allows easy and effective monitoring, especially to those in remote locations. Data can be transferred back and forth from our computer to your machine if any pressures or changes need to be made for comfort or for effective treatment.
- Wash your CPAP mask daily with warm soapy (mild) water, or mask wipes.
- Rinse out humidifier with a water/vinegar mixture weekly.
- Rinse the filter weekly with water and place back in when dry. Continue checking bacterial filter and change when necessary.
- Use distilled water
- Continued use of your CPAP machine will result in improvements of symptoms and treatment results.
- If you are having any problems with pressure or your mask fitting please do not hesitate to come in for an appointment.
- Do not over tighten your mask as it may cause even greater leakage.
- Replace masks when the seal is starting to deteriorate.
- Use your machine every night and also while taking naps.
- If you experience dryness in your mouth, turn up the humidity. Also if there is increased moisture in the mask making it uncomfortable, turn down the humidity.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
The constant cycle of apneas and the interruption of the normal sleep cycle causes poor sleep, resulting in the person not feeling rested, as well as other medical problems, if left untreated.
Snoring can make the snorer an object of ridicule and can cause the bed partner to experience sleepless nights and fatigue.
Snoring disturbs sleeping patterns and deprives the snorer of adequate rest. It may be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which can lead to serious, long-term health problems.
Central Sleep Apnea
The sleeper who suffers from obstructive sleep apnea periodically struggles to breathe but is unable to inhale effectively because his or her airway has collapsed. The sleeper whose problem is central sleep apnea periodically doesn't breathe at all, or breathes so shallowly that oxygen intake is ineffectual. In either type of sleep apnea, the lack of oxygen usually causes the patient to wake up, at least briefly.
Home Sleep Testing
Lakeland Respiratory works with a team of physicians to assess for obstructive sleep apnea. Central Sleep apnea has to be treated in a higher level sleep lab (level 1 polysomnography), but Lakeland Respiratory supplies BPAP therapy to it's patients and is contracted through the Alberta aids to daily living program for funding for those who qualify.
Comfort Mask Fitting
Lakeland Respiratory provides a wide variety of nasal masks, full face masks, and other application devices. By having an inventory of many different sizes and styles, our Respiratory Therapists are better able to comfortably fit the patient and address any comfort issues at the beginning and throughout therapy. Remember, the first interface is not always the best.
Lakeland Respiratory uses only the highest quality CPAP machines with all the features you deserve. Your physician has a choice of cpap,bipap, and auto pap therapy and can rest assured that you will be benefiting from experienced care and new technologies that have been shown to improve.
Parts & Accessories
Lakeland Respiratory sells masks, filters, headgear, tubing, and accessories from many different manufacturers. This allows us to supply you faster when masks and accessories wear out or break. Delivery of these masks and accessories is available.
Repair & Service
Because Lakeland Respiratory deals with the many sleep manufacturers, we are able to send your machine out for repair. If you have a machine that you own, and it needs service or replacement parts, call us and we can help.
Over the years, the staff at Lakeland Respiratory has generated a wealth of information and resources to help answer any questions you may have.